The census is an institution that unites all Canadians. Regardless of who you are, the census is one of the main tools that the Canadian government uses to categorize and analyze people across the nation. It is essential that Canadian school children are equipped to critically evaluate the role that the census has played both historically and contemporarily in shaping how Canadians view and remember themselves. 

Not Just Numbers: Representation in the Canadian Census is an interactive history education program developed by the Toronto Ward Museum for the Grade 9 and 10 Ontario History curriculum. The program is structured as a three-round activity. Students unpack the life of historical Canadians using primary sources like the census and each round is designed to promote a critical discussion of representation, inclusion, and power in the historical record. 

Not Just Numbers is designed to conform to anti-oppression and anti-racism frameworks, with a specific goal to reinforce the Calls to Action from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, and the Articles of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Not Just Numbers is designed to conform to Ontario Grades 9 and 10 History curriculum standards. 

Not Just Numbers: Representation in the Canadian Census, Educator’s Edition was collaboratively developed by Toronto Ward Museum’s Founding Executive Director Gracia Dyer Jalea and Daniel Panneton, aided by contributions and consultations by a range of heritage professionals, educators and students.
Not Just Numbers is proud to have received an honourable mention in the Public History category at the 2018 Heritage Toronto Awards.
To request a spiral bound copy, please email


Project Lead & Research:
Daniel Panneton
Graphic Design:
Luke Norrad
Web Design:
Andreas Prodromidis
Development Consultants:
Arlene Chan
Natasha Henry
Erin Imrie
Susan Jama
Irina Mihalache
Katherine Wilson
Lawrence Do
Annie Fan
Mavis Garland

Funded by:

MacFeeters Family Fund

Lead Partners :